Nursing Programs in U.S. Miliary Branches
Books About Nursing in WWIVideos of Nursing in World War I
Women and Nursing in World War IIU.S. Cadet Nurse CorpsU.S. Cadet Nurse Corps--VideosU.S. Navy NursesVideos of Nursing in World War IINurses Memories of World War II
Resources for Vietnam nursingBooks-Vietnam NursesMemories of Vietnam Nurses, videos
Resources for Korean War NursingVideos of Nursing Experiences During Korean War
This is the "Home" page of the "Short History of Military Nursing" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content

Full Library Hours
Available Equipment
Contact Us

Short History of Military Nursing   Tags: military, military nursing, nurse, nursing, vietnam, war, women, world war i, world war ii, wwi, wwii  

This guide gives a brief overview of military nursing, with videos and photos, during the military campains of World War I, World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.
Last Updated: Aug 28, 2013 URL: http://researchguides.ebling.library.wisc.edu/militarynursing Print Guide RSS Updates

Home Print Page
  Search: 
 
 

Exclusions:

Due to ongoing involvement, no historical information on the "War on Terror" in Iraq or Afghanistan, is included in this libguide. 

 

What is a "Military Nurse?"

What is a military nurse? in the most basic sense of the word it is a nurse who also serves in the military and holds military rank. All the services currently have nursing branches which are called corps. A corps is a semi-independent or independent military command whose members are grouped together because they share a common mission or career focus. In the case of the Army, Navy, Air Force and Coast Guard the corps share the common mission of nursing.  

www.military-nurse.com

History of Military Branch Nursing Corps

Navy Nurse Corps was officially established by Congress in 1908; however, unofficially, women had been working as nurses aboard Navy ships and in Navy hospitals for nearly 100 years.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Navy_Nurse_Corps

Army Nurse Corps
During World War II (1939-45) nearly sixty thousand American nurses served in the Army Nurse Corps (ANC). Whether stationed in Europe or in the Pacific, they risked their lives daily, working on or near the front lines; on land, sea, and air transport vehicles; and in field hospitals.   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nurse_Corps_%28United_States_Army%29

Air Force Nurse Corps
Nurses within the U.S. Air Force initially were "flight nurses" which envolved out the the Army Air Corp during World War II. In 1947, the U.S. Air Force was established and in 1949 the Air Force Nurse Corps emerged from the Army in which 1,199 nurses were brought over to the Air Force branch.   http://www.luke.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123147272

U.S. Marine Corps
The U.S. Navy oversees the medical needs of the U.S. Marine Corps.

 

video

Military Nursing Casualty Statistics

The casualty figures below are not definitive. These figures represent the best of our knowledge to date and include deaths from all causes: hostile fire, illness as a result of military service, and accidents that occurred in the line of duty during times of war. We do not have statistics for earlier wars, because women were not yet serving officially in the Armed Forces.

Spanish American War: Twenty one contract nurses died from diseases such as typhoid, and malaria.

World War I: 430 casualties. Many of these were Army and Navy Nurses who died from influenza — an epidemic swept through military ports and bases in the U.S. and Europe. Two women (Army nurses stationed in Europe) were wounded by hostile fire, but did not die.

World War II: 460 casuaties. Six Army nurses died from hostile fire at Anzio Beachhead, 1944. Six Army nurses died when a Japanese suicide plane crashed into the Hospital Ship, USS Comfort near the Philippine Islands in 1945. Less than twenty others died from hostile fire in isolated incidents in North Africa, Europe, and the Southwest Pacific Area during WWII. The majority of women died from weather-related plane crashes, motor vehicle accidents, other work-related accidents, and disease. Included in this figure are 38 WASP (Women Airforce Service Pilot) deaths from weather related accidents, mechanical failures, and pilot training errors.

Korea: Sixteen Army, Navy and Air Force Nurses in theater or enroute to the battle theater – other servicewomen were not permitted in theater. None died directly from hostile fire. Army Nurse Genevieve Smith’s aircraft crashed en route to Korea early in the war. One Navy Nurse died when a U.S. Navy Hospital Ship was accidentally rammed by a freighter off the California coast. Eleven Navy Nurses died when their plane crashed off Kwajalein Island enroute to Japan. Captain Vera Brown, Air Force Nurse died when the plane she was assigned to crashed during a medical evacuation flight. Two other Air Force nurses also died in air crashes.

Vietnam: Eight nurses in theater or enroute to theater. One Army Nurse, Lt. Sharon Lane, died from hostile fire.

Contact

Profile Image
Mary Hitchcock
Contact Info
Office: Ebling Library, Rm. 2339
Phone: (608) 263-9332
Fax: (608) 262-4732
Send Email
 

You'll Know You're a Military Nurse When...

Read stories submitted by military nurses or submit your own at the Sigma Theta Tau International website "You'll Know You're a Military Nures when...".  Sigma Theta Tau has also published a book of military nurse stories from Workd War II to present day military action.

http://www.militarynursebook.org/

The Honor Society of Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau International

 

Medical Heritage LIbrary

The Medical Heritage Library is a collection of scanned public domain books, on medicine, pharmacy, nursing, and allied areas. Basic metadata for each text is included, and downloads are available in portable document format (PDF), Kindle, and a variety of other file formats.

Readers can browse by collection, title, or subject area.  The following link will direct you to:

Nurse Corps

Description

Loading  Loading...

Tip